Wisdom teeth develop after the end of the second dentition. Their name refers to the fact that they usually break through the gums during adulthood. Generally, humans have four wisdom teeth.
Wisdom teeth do not always align uniformly without problems with the row of teeth. This can lead to tooth drifts, inflammations of the mucosa or of the jaw bone or even lead to the creation of cysts in the close environment of the wisdom tooth. Furthermore, a wisdom tooth can cause facial pain (trigeminus neuralgia) or systemic diseases. If these symptoms occur, the wisdom tooth should to be removed.