The term periodontology encompasses all forms of treatment of the so-called periodontium – for example gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) and periodontitis (inflammation of the periodontium, i.e. the jawbone, gums and periodontal membrane).
Temporary gum inflammation is harmless in itself, but can quickly become chronic and progress into periodontitis. This often initially leads to bleeding and receding gums. Gum pockets and sometimes even toothache may develop as the affected teeth become particularly sensitive.
If left untreated, periodontitis (often also referred to as periodontal disease) usually leads to loosening of the tooth and can ultimately even result in tooth loss. Since it affects the periodontium as a whole, the consequences are often noticeable throughout the entire oral cavity.
In addition, periodontitis can promote serious general diseases such as cardiovascular diseases or diabetes and carries an increased risk of premature births during pregnancy.